Charlie Bunyan

Charlie Bunyan

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Charles (Charlie) Bunyan was born in Birmingham. A goalkeeper he joined Derby County in 1889. He also played for Sheffield United and Walsall.

After retiring in 1899 he became a football agent. At the beginning of the 1899-1900 season, Francis Payne, the club secretary of Thames Iron Works, was given the task of finding good players for their first season in the top division of the Southern League. According to one report, Arnold Hills, gave Payne £1,000 to find the best players available.

Francis Payne employed Charlie Bunyan to obtain a player based in Birmingham. Bunyan missed his appointment with the player targeted by Payne. He then approached another player he thought might be interested in joining the club. However, this player reported Bunyan to the Football Association. The FA held an investigation into the matter and as a result, Bunyan was suspended for two years. Payne was also suspended and the Thames Iron Works was fined £25.

Charlie Bunyan died in 1922.

Was there a real Paul Bunyan?

The story of Paul Bunyan, the giant lumberjack, is one of the most enduring tall tales in North America. The folktale is a favorite in children's classrooms and immortalized in cartoons and tourist attractions all over the United States. Here's a quick refresher on the story:

According to legend, Paul Bunyan was so huge at birth, it took five exhausted storks to deliver him to his parents. When he was a week old, he fit into his father's clothes. He ate 40 bowls of porridge a day. He got a big blue ox named Babe for his first birthday. Babe grew so large that her footsteps around Minnesota created the state's 10,000 lakes. And Paul created the Grand Canyon simply by dragging his axe behind him. As a team, Paul and Babe the Blue Ox were unbeatable loggers. They became legendary across the United States for hiring teams of large men and clearing forests in an instant.

Of course, this is a literal tall tale, but is it based in fact? Was there a real Paul Bunyan?

Some historians believe Paul Bunyan was based on a real person — a French-Canadian logger named Fabian "Joe" Fournier. Fournier, born in Quebec around 1845, moved to Michigan after the Civil War to take advantage of the high-paying logging industry. His brawn, 6-foot height, and supposed two sets of teeth made him strong, efficient and fearsome among his peers. He died in 1875 after being struck in the back of the head with a mallet during a brawl.

As what usually happens with tall tales, this story grew bigger and bigger as it was told and retold over the years. People added more details, exaggerations and hyperbole. At some point, the story intertwined with that of another French-Canadian war hero by the name of Bon Jean. The tales of Bon Jean and Fabian Fournier combined to take their place in American folklore under the name Paul Bunyan [source: Browning].

Some historians believe the tale of Paul Bunyan would never have elevated to folklore or tall-tale status at all, if not for an advertising campaign. In 1914, the Red River Lumber Company, in an effort to spice up its advertising, hired William Laughead to draw a series of pamphlets about a little story of a big guy named Paul Bunyan. Laughead embellished the story and added imaginative details, and suddenly the story of Paul Bunyan was hugely popular all over the country. Children clamored for the comics and books, and the ads were all the rage. Many say Laughead was actually responsible for the "birth" of Paul Bunyan [source: Forest History Society].

Regardless of his origins, Paul Bunyan is still one of the quintessential heroes of American folklore. Why else would at least six towns in the United States claim him as their own?

John Bunyan

Successful English writers were, in John Bunyan's day, nearly synonymous with wealth. Men like Richard Baxter and John Milton could afford to write because they didn't need to earn a living. But Bunyan, a traveling tinker like his father, was nearly penniless before becoming England's most famous author. His wife was also destitute, bringing only two Puritan books as a dowry.


King James Version of Bible published

Mayflower Compact drafted

Toleration Act in England

"We came together as poor as poor might be," Bunyan wrote, "not having so much household-stuff as a dish or spoon betwixt us both."

What allowed Bunyan to become the bestselling author of one of the most beloved books in the English language was when things actually got worse: an imprisonment of 12 years.

Early temptations

>Born in Elstow, Bedfordshire, Bunyan married at age 21. Those books his wife brought to the marriage began a process of conversion. Gradually, he gave up recreations like dancing, bell ringing, and sports he began attending church and fought off temptations. "One morning as I did lie in bed," he wrote in his autobiography, "I was, as at other times, most fiercely assaulted with this temptation, to sell and part with Christ the wicked suggestion still running in my mind, Sell him, sell him, sell him, sell him, sell him, as fast as a man could speak."

Bunyan was drawn to the Christian fellowship he saw among "three or four poor women sitting at a door . talking abut the things of God." He was also befriended by John Gifford, minister at a Separatist church in Bedford.

The tinker joined the church and within four years was drawing crowds "from all parts" as a lay minister. "I went myself in chains to preach to them in chains," he said, "and carried that fire in my own conscience that I persuaded them to beware of."

Prison: a mixed blessing

>Bunyan's rise as a popular preacher coincided with the Restoration of Charles II. The freedom of worship Separatists had enjoyed for 20 years was quickly ended those not conforming with the Church of England would be arrested. By January 1661, Bunyan sat imprisoned in the county jail.

The worst punishment, for Bunyan, was being separated from his second wife (his first had died in 1658) and four children. "The parting . hath oft been to me in this place as the pulling the flesh from my bones," he wrote. He tried to support his family making "many hundred gross of long tagg'd [shoe] laces" while imprisoned, but he mainly depended on "the charity of good people" for their well-being.

Bunyan could have freed himself by promising not to preach but refused. He told local magistrates he would rather remain in prison until moss grew on his eyelids than fail to do what God commanded.

Still, the imprisonment wasn't as bad as some have imagined. He was permitted visitors, spent some nights at home, and even traveled once to London. The jailer allowed him occasionally to preach to "unlawful assemblies" gathered in secret. More importantly, the imprisonment gave him the incentive and opportunity to write. He penned at least nine books between 1660 and 1672 (he wrote three others&mdashtwo against Quakers and the other an expository work&mdashbefore his arrest).

Profitable Mediations, Christian Behavior (a manual on good relationships), and The Holy City (an interpretation of Revelation) were followed by Grace Abounding to the Chief of Sinners , considered the greatest Puritan autobiography. But from 1667 to 1672, Bunyan probably spent most of his time on his greatest legacy, The Pilgrim's Progress .

Pilgrim's success

>Charles II eventually relented in 1672, issuing the Declaration of Indulgence. Bunyan was freed, licensed as a Congregational minister, and called to be pastor of the Bedford church. When persecution was renewed, Bunyan was again imprisoned for six months. After his second release, Pilgrim's Progress was published.

"I saw a man clothed with rags . a book in his hand and a great burden upon his back." So begins the allegorical tale that describes Bunyan's own conversion process. Pilgrim, like Bunyan, is a tinker. He wanders from the City of Destruction to the Celestial City, a pilgrimage made difficult by the burden of sin (an anvil on his back), the Slough of Despond, Vanity Fair, and other such allegorical waystations.

The book was instantly popular with every social class. His first editor, Charles Doe, noted that 100,000 copies were already in print by 1692. Samuel Taylor Coleridge called it, "the best Summa Theologicae Evangelicae ever produced by a writer not miraculously inspired." Every English household that owned a Bible also owned the famous allegory. Eventually, it became the bestselling book (apart from the Bible) in publishing history.

The book brought Bunyan great fame, and though he continued to pastor the Bedford church, he also regularly preached in London. He continued to write. The Life and Death of Mr. Badman (1680) has been called the first English novel (since it is less of an allegory than Pilgrim's Progress ), and was followed by another allegory, The Holy War . He also published several doctrinal and controversial works, a book of verse, and a children's book.

By age 59 Bunyan was one of England's most famous writers. He carried out his pastoring duties and was nicknamed "Bishop Bunyan." In August 1688, he rode through heavy rain to reconcile a father and son, became ill, and died.

“Blind Mary” Bunyan (1650–1663)

Mary, the eldest of John Bunyan’s six children from his two marriages, was born in July, 1650. Her joyful parents asked Christopher Hall, the Vicar of Elstow Church, to christen the child. Not long after, however, their hearts were filled with sorrow when they learned that Mary was born blind. She became known as “Blind Mary:”

The deep relationship between Bunyan and his first daughter is clearly seen in his writings about her. While in prison, he was allowed limited visitation privileges with friends and family, and Mary knew the way by heart. As months of imprisionment turned into years, his daughter would faithfully bring Bunyan soup for his supper, carried from home in a little jug.

Bunyan explains in Grace Abounding that these visits were bittersweet for both his daughter and himself. “The parting with my wife and poor children hath oft been to me in [prison] as the pulling the flesh from my bones . . . especially my poor blind child, who lay nearer my heart than all I had besides O the thoughts of the hardships I thought my blind one might go under, would break my heart to pieces. Poor child, thought I, what sorrow must thou have for thy portion in this world? Thou must Blind Mary’s soup jug be beaten, must beg, suffer hunger, cold, nakedness, and a thousand calamities, though I cannot now endure the wind should blow upon thee.”

In the spring of 1663 Mary fell sick, and died soon after. She was the only one of the Bunyan children that did not outlive their father. From the news of her passing within the confines of his cell, Bunyan began the outline of The Resurrection from The Dead—a book of inspiration for many years to come.

Tag Archives: Charlie Bunyan

On 15 th October 1887 one of the most remarkable FA Cup games of all time occurred at Preston and featured Hyde FC, who were formed in 1885 at a meeting attended by approximately forty men in the White Lion public house. For subscribers to this site here is the story of a remarkable day that saw Hyde, the town I spent the first 18 years of my life living in, enter the history books.

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Furnishing as it did much counsel, caution and consolation amid the toilsome traffic of daily life, Pilgrim&rsquos Progress bore a message that was at once both useful and agreeable.

The opening scene of The Pilgrim’s Progress presents a solitary figure crying out in anguish. His distress expresses Bunyan’s own tormenting struggle with sin—yet not his alone. Throughout the book’s history, readers have seen themselves in the man with the great burden on his back, and recognized their own spiritual pilgrimages in Christian’s journey to the Celestial City.

Mendocino County history: Gertrude Redemeyer White and Paul Bunyan

From the Sept. 2, 1939 Advocate: “The Paul Bunyan Days Association committee, C.M. Lynn, Al Marmon, publicity manager, Stanley Houseman, (Timber Beast), Paul Bunyan (Charlie Buck, 6𠆘”, 298 pounds), Joe Dixon, Boom Boom Galletti (home run artist), Charles Carlson (Woods Mule Skinner) and Homer Barton (Shell Oil).” - Advocate File Photo

Gertrude Redemeyer White’s personal history interlinks with the unique Labor Day celebration in Fort Bragg called “Paul Bunyan Days.” Born April 25, 1894 in Ukiah, her mother died when Gertrude was three. On school days, Gertrude hitched up a horse and buggy, forded the Russian River, drove to a friend’s house, and then walked to school. She loved horses.

Her family drove by horse and buggy to the coast before and after the 1906 earthquake. They camped at Russian Gulch before there was a bridge, and later south of today’s Glass Beach. Her dad was good friends with the manager of the Guest House in Fort Bragg, so they visited frequently, especially during the hot inland summers.

She graduated from the Dominican Convent School in San Rafael. At 18 she bought a 1912 Overland car and married Val White who worked for Ukiah Power and Light. By 1920, Gertrude and Val had two boys and two girls. With all the farm work in the hot climate, plus caring for four children, Gertrude’s health was suffering.

Val’s younger brother, who worked in Fort Bragg for Union Lumber Company, told Val about a position in the Camp One office at Ten Mile. Val took it and moved the family. The children attended Moss Maple School there. In 1928 the Camp One office closed. Val got a job at the California Public Service office in Fort Bragg. When Lillian was ready for high school, the family left Camp One and moved to Fort Bragg. Freddie preferred the Inglenook school, today’s Grange Hall.

The Whites moved several times and started a dairy business. They bought the old Jackson Ranch, north of Pudding Creek in 1936. Val continued working in town while Gertrude ran the dairy. In 1939, Val and Gertrude went their separate ways. Freddie helped his mother on the ranch. She never remarried.

In 1947, Gertrude rented her dairy for about a year and a half to a man who couldn’t make a go of it and quit. She discovered him selling all the cattle, about a dozen belonging to her, so she took the ranch back. She said it was a lot of work, but the lifestyle kept her healthy.

Once she could pursue her own interests, Gertrude established a riding club, taught horsemanship, and went on long trail rides, among many other activities. Part of Paul Bunyan Days started on her ranch.

Paul Bunyan Days

In 1939 Gertrude allowed the first Paul Bunyan Committee to build corrals, chutes and bleachers for a rodeo on the northeast portion of the ranch. Rodeos were held on Labor Day weekends in 1939, 1940 and 1941, were discontinued during the war, and then held on the Fourth of July for a few years. But Fort Bragg was competing with other cities for attendees on the Fourth.

In 1968, the Chamber of Commerce no longer wanted to sponsor the three-day event. Eureka wanted the Paul Bunyan theme for their parade, but Gertrude didn’t want to lose it for Fort Bragg. She and Frank Hyman volunteered to head a committee to continue Labor Day Paul Bunyan celebrations and re-organized the group as the Paul Bunyan Association. Frank and Gertrude took turns being president. She was president in 1989 when they celebrated the weekend’s 50th anniversary.

Gertrude rode in every Paul Bunyan Parade until 1981, when her old Tennessee Walker horse died. She then rode with friends in their wagons and buggies. She continued riding in every parade until she turned 90, the last years in a fire truck. In 1984, the Paul Bunyan Association named Gertrude White lifetime honorary president, having served as their primary mover, and bailing them out a few times when proceeds didn’t cover expenses. Some referred to her as Pauline Bunyan.

Gertrude died at home on her ranch in 1995, at age 101.

Source: compilation of Gertrude’s memories and collections by Gertrude’s daughter-in-law, Eleanor Sverko. Published by her son, Fred White, in 1991.

Career Breakthrough

After a handful of TV movies, Sheen landed the breakthrough role of his career in Oliver Stone’s autobiographical war drama Platoon (1986). He earned kudos for his brutally realistic portrayal of a young soldier&aposs tour of duty in Vietnam, while the film won four Oscars, including Best Picture. The following year, Sheen costarred in Stone’s Wall Street as the ruthless protégé Bud Fox, who is seduced by the wealth and power of corporate raider Gordon Gekko (played by Michael Douglas).

As part of an ensemble that included John Cusack, Christopher Lloyd, and D.B. Sweeney, Sheen gave a notable performance in John Sayles’ gripping account of the 1919 𠇋lack Sox” baseball scandal Eight Men Out (1988). After starring in the 1990 action films Navy SEALS and The Rookie, he showcased his flair for comedy in the mindlessly entertaining spoof Hot Shots (1991). In 1993, Sheen reprised his role as maverick air force pilot Topper Harley in the equally successful sequel Hot Shots! Part Deux.

In the late 1990s, Sheen formed a production company with Bret Michaels. Directed by Michaels and starring Sheen, the two collaborated on the TV film No Code of Conduct (1998). In 2000, Sheen and his brother Emilio headlined the controversial biopic Rated X. Based on the life of porn industry pioneers Jim and Artie Mitchell, the film was screened at the Sundance Film Festival and later premiered on cable TV. Also in 2000, Sheen replaced Michael J. Fox as deputy mayor on the hit sitcom Spin City.

In 2003, he starred in the panned horror spoof Scary Movie 3 for director David Zucker. Sheen then landed a starring role as beleaguered bachelor Charlie Harper on the CBS sitcom Two and a Half Men. At one point Sheen was reportedly paid $1.8 million per episode, making him the highest-paid actor on television.

City: Paul Bunyan broke his arm because people were hanging on it

Earlier this week, Bemidji Mayor Jorge Prince shared the news of Paul&aposs broken arm on Facebook, saying the concrete statue&aposs arm is being held together by the rebar that runs through it and there are plans to get it fixed. 

"Paul, throughout his history in Paul Bunyan Park has been interactive with many visitors standing close, holding his leg, and hand. Paul has withstood the years in the park," the Bemidji Parks and Recreation Department said in a post on the police department&aposs Facebook page Wednesday. 

"Unfortunately, in this case, the cause of the failure/breakage appears to have been caused by several people climbing and hanging off of Paul’s arm and the adjacent sign."

Paul and Babe the Blue Ox have been in Paul Bunyan Plaza since 1937 and the park department has discouraged climbing on the statues because it could cause damage. 

"Our priority remains to repair Paul as quickly as possible. This spring the city hired Jensen Conservation to complete conservation work on Paul Bunyan and Babe the Blue Ox. Jensen Conservation has changed their schedule and plans be to onsite by next week to assess and fix the damage to Paul and conduct the additional conservation work planned for Paul and Babe." the park department said. 

The plaza does have security cameras (they were installed a few years ago) and the Bemidji Police Department is investigating the incident that led to Paul&aposs broken arm. 

If anyone has any information about the damage to Paul, it can be reported anonymously to਌rime Stoppers of Minnesota online here or by calling 1-800-222-8477.

Paul and Babe stand tall on the shores of Lake Bemidji outside the Bemidji Tourist Information Center at 300 Bemidji Ave.

Paul, who stands 18 feet tall, and Babe were built in 1937, with construction taking 737 hours. They were unveiled as part of a promotion for the winter carnival to recognize the area&aposs logging history, Visit Bemidji says. 

The statues are on the National Register of Historic Places, and, according to Visit Bemidji, Eastman Kodak recognized Paul and Babe as the second-most photographed icon in the nation.

To this day, thousands of visitors come to see and take selfies with Paul and his blue ox. 

John Bunyan

For many people, John Bunyan (1628–1688) is an enigma. A statue of Bunyan as a denominational figure adorns the headquarters of the Baptist Union in Great Britain yet Bunyan is claimed also by the Congregationalists. During his lifetime, his denominational affiliation, at best, was misunderstood.

A TINKER BY TRADE, Bunyan in his early life was a blasphemous, profane individual known for his misdeeds in his native Elstow in Bedfordshire. His stint in the Parliamentary Army (1644–1647) probably did little to improve his behavior, though it did expose him to Baptists and others who took their religious profession seriously. About 1653 he experienced a conversion and sought believer’s baptism from Andrew Gifford, pastor of a Particular Baptist church in Bedford.

In the later 1650s Bunyan began to preach publicly and was well received for his abilities to make gospel truths plain and to put his hearers under the spell of his stories. When King Charles II was restored to the throne in 1660, nonconformist preachers came under renewed persecution, and Bunyan was imprisoned. During his twelve-year confinement, he read extensively and wrote some of his most famous works, including Grace Abounding to the Chiefest of Sinners. When he was released in 1672, he became more active in the church and succeeded Gifford as pastor.

For the remainder of Bunyan’s career, though he served as a highly gifted pastor and achieved renown as a writer, he was a problem for many Baptists who desired sharply defined distinctions when it came to the ordinances. Bunyan, while he owned baptism to be God’s ordinance, “would not make an idol of it.” This meant that Bunyan would not deny anyone participation in the Lord’s Supper because that person lacked the proper baptism. Early in 1673 Bunyan pressed his viewpoint in a book titled Differences in Judgement About Water Baptism No Bar to Communion, which irritated many of the Particular Baptists. But Bunyan, and his church after him, remained steadfast in the open Communion stance and maintained fellowship with both Baptists and Congregationalists.

His chief literary work, The Pilgrims Progress (1678), is a classic in English literature. An allegory that narrates the difficult path of “Christian” through the Slough of Despond, the Valley of the Shadow of Death, and Vanity Fair to the Celestial City, Pilgrims Progress is an account of the Christian experience, perhaps Bunyan’s own. En route, the main character encounters unforgettable folk like Worldly Wiseman, Talkative, and Facing-both-Ways. Many literary critics believe that the places and figures in the epic are but a mirror of Bunyan’s Bedfordshire with an ironic twist of the author’s sense of humor. Whatever the case, within ten years of its publication more than a dozen reprintings were called for, and the book has now been printed in over one hundred languages and is second in sales only to the Bible as the all time best seller.

By the Editors

[Christian History originally published this article in Christian History Issue #6 in 1985]

Watch the video: Appalachian Trail 2017 Day 33 Charlies Bunyan (July 2022).


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