Review: Volume 7 - Monarchy

Review: Volume 7 - Monarchy

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Elizabeth I stands in the English imagination for one of the formative phases of English history. Her reign saw England transformed, at her command, from a Catholic to a Protestant country, with incalculable consequences for the history of Europe and of the world - starting with the attempted invasion by the Spanish Armada, beaten off by the Queen's legendary naval captains. Of the five monarchs who trod the political stage of sixteenth-century England, Elizabeth was the most accomplished and versatile performer. And it is ultimately this which accounts for her enduring fascination. Richard Rex highlights the vivid and contrary personality of a Queen who could both baffle and bedazzle her subjects, her courtiers, and her rivals: at one moment flirting outrageously with a favourite or courting some foreign prince, and at another vowing perpetual virginity; at one time agonising over the execution of her cousin, Mary Queen of Scots, then ordering the slaughter of hundreds of poor men after a half-cock rebellion. Too many biographies of Elizabeth merely perpetuate the flattery she enjoyed from her courtiers, as if her dramatic repertoire was limited to the role of 'Gloriana'. This biography also reflects more critical voices, such as those of the Irish, the Catholics and those who lived on the wrong side of the emerging North/South divide. To them she showed a different face.

"Queen Elizabeth's Wooden Teeth" focuses on the erroneous facts that continue to distort the annals of world history. To counter all those fabricated facts you have learnt through the years, here is a guide to the truth behind the myths, including: Sir Walter Raleigh did not bring the potato nor tobacco back from the New World; Abraham Lincoln did not write the Gettysburg Address on the back of an envelope; King Ethelred the Unready was not unprepared; St George was not English; and of course Queen Elizabeth did not have wooden teeth! Written with wit and fascinating insight, and covering numerous subjects from royalty to religion, saints to statesmen, inventors to explorers, "Queen Elizabeth's Wooden Teeth" is guaranteed to astonish and inform, amuse and entertain.

This is the first biography of the king whose fate remains one of the greatest mysteries in English history. Memorable not for his life but his death, Edward V is probably better known as one of the Princes in the Tower, the supposed victim of his uncle, Richard III. Though he was never crowned, Edward reigned for 77 days until Richard made himself his nephew's Lord Protector before imprisoning him and his younger brother Richard in the Tower of London. Michael Hicks presents to us the backdrop to this tragically short life - Edward's parents, the contemporary political scenery, his own remarkable achievements - and reveals how he was both the hope of a dynasty and an integral cause of that dynasty's collapse.

Review: Volume 7 - Monarchy - History

TOPNEWSCall for Papers: Satoyama Initiative Thematic Review volume 7

Call for Papers: Satoyama Initiative Thematic Review volume 7

The United Nations University Institute for the Advanced Study of Sustainability (UNU-IAS) and the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES) are pleased to announce a call for papers for the seventh volume of the series “Satoyama Initiative Thematic Review”. The seventh volume will feature the theme “Nexus among biodiversity, health, and sustainable development in managing socio-ecological production landscapes and seascapes (SEPLS)”. Authors from IPSI member organizations who have case studies relevant to this theme are highly encouraged to submit a manuscript following the guidance provided in this call for papers.

About the “Satoyama Initiative Thematic Review”:

The Satoyama Initiative Thematic Review is a compilation of case studies providing useful knowledge and lessons focusing on a specific theme related to “socio-ecological production landscapes and seascapes (SEPLS)”. The overall aim is to collect practical experiences and relevant knowledge, taking advantage of on-the-ground activities by practitioners while contributing to policy recommendations. Each volume also includes a synthesis chapter clarifying its relevance to policy and academic discussion to encourage the application of lessons learned in the field.

See the past six volumes from the link below.

Vol.6: “Transformative change through the multiple benefits of SEPLS” (pending publication)

“Nexus among biodiversity, health, and sustainable development in managing socio-ecological production landscapes and seascapes (SEPLS)”

In this volume we seek to highlight how the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity through SEPLS management can ensure and enhance both human and ecosystem health, contributing to sustainable development and other benefits. The concept of SEPLS includes the idea that landscape approaches – integrative area-based multi-stakeholder strategies to balance conservation and development objectives – can have multiple benefits for biodiversity and human well-being, including health. This volume will look at the interlinkages between biodiversity and multiple dimensions of health (e.g., physical, mental, and spiritual) to show how multiple benefits derived through SEPLS management extend beyond biodiversity conservation to human and ecosystem health, helping to provide a safe environment for humans and contributing to sustainable development goals. Specific benefits covered may include improved health infrastructure, food and water security, affordable and clean energy, climate change mitigation and adaptation, cultural benefits, responsible production and consumption, poverty alleviation and livelihoods, social equity and rights, and others.

It is well-known and obvious that nature is needed for humans to secure basic needs – including food and health security, access to clean air and water, and livelihoods – and generally contributes to good quality of life, serving as a source of goods and services for human well-being including mental well-being. [1] The COVID-19 pandemic has further demonstrated the cascading effects of complex human-nature interactions on human health and well-being. Anthropogenic ecosystem changes, including deforestation, agricultural intensification, wildlife exploitation, mining, and infrastructure development, have created a “perfect storm” for the spillover of zoonotic diseases like COVID-19. [ 2 ] The continuing expansion of human activities, such as the international movement of people and goods and unregulated rise in wildlife trade compounded by loss of habitat, significantly increases the risk of zoonotic infections and other health disorders, impacting human lives, economies, and well-being.

Human health, ecosystem health, and animal health are all interrelated, and it is imperative to encourage mechanisms ensuring that the links between them are strengthened. From a heuristic analysis of SEPLS cases collected from IPSI partners, we understand that an integrated approach, what is popularly referred to as the “One Health” approach, is highly compatible with SEPLS management. Despite continued challenges, the COVID-19 pandemic has also shed light on the inherent resilience of SEPLS, in that they can take advantage of natural resources and knowledge to adapt to environmental and societal changes. For example, some people have turned to home gardens as a nutrient source during times of lockdown. As the frequency and economic impact of emerging infectious diseases are likely to be exponential, [3] strategies to build and strengthen resilience against systemic threats will be increasingly important and relevant in the coming decades. Such strategies may include a number of interventions ranging from enhancing nutritional security, increasing species diversity, enhancing access to medicinal resources for physical and mental health, and engaging in sustainable production and consumption.

In recognition of the important interlinkages between various factors required for a more sustainable and healthier future, the Intergovernmental Science Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) is preparing to start a four-year thematic assessment of “the interlinkages among biodiversity, water, food and health in the context of climate change” (the so-called “nexus assessment”) to be launched at the eighth session of the IPBES Plenary. [4] This assessment aims to advance the understanding of biodiversity-related impacts, dependencies, synergies, and trade-offs across the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and of options for integrated and cross-sectoral approaches to achieving the United Nations’ 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and attaining good health for all. Furthermore, in response to the extraordinary situation caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, IPBES organized a virtual workshop on the links between biodiversity and pandemics on 27-31 July 2020. [5] The report from this workshop will inform the work to be delivered through the nexus assessment.

The Satoyama Initiative promotes landscape approaches to biodiversity conservation and human well-being. The experiences of many of our partners demonstrate how landscape approaches help to ensure and improve human and ecosystem health, while building resilience in SEPLS to address systemic challenges. These experiences provide practical insights in understanding and dealing with the interlinkages among biodiversity, health, and sustainable development, and have strong policy significance for the achievement of the SDGs, the 2050 Vision for Biodiversity aiming at “living in harmony with nature”, and other relevant global goals.

The Satoyama Initiative Thematic Review Vol. 7

This volume is expected to provide insights on how SEPLS approaches on the ground can contribute to more sustainable management of natural resources, achievement of global biodiversity and sustainable development goals, and good health for all. It is also expected to offer useful knowledge and information for the upcoming IPBES nexus assessment.

Cases included in the volume may highlight the roles, attitudes and actions of multiple stakeholders, including smallholders, indigenous peoples and local communities, and others in conserving biodiversity and ensuring human health through their actions in SEPLS. Issues related to good health could include nutritional security, infectious diseases, non-communicable diseases such as mental health, cardio-vascular, respiratory or other lifestyle-related ailments.

IPSI partners are invited to contribute case studies related to this theme, demonstrating experiences and insights on, among others:

  • What and how multiple benefits derived through conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity in SEPLS have helped to ensure and enhance aspects of human health?
  • Are there any trade-offs and synergies among efforts to attain ecosystem health, human health, and sustainability in managing SEPLS?
  • How effectively can SEPLS management achieve ecosystem health, human health, and sustainability? How can you measure the effectiveness of SEPLS management in regard to securing and improving ecosystem and human health?
  • What are challenges and opportunities in managing SEPLS to achieve biodiversity conservation and sustainable development while ensuring and enhancing both ecosystem and human health?

How to submit a manuscript and what happens after submission:


Authors are invited to submit a paper if at least one of the authors belongs to an IPSI member organization. (See

Authors are requested to submit an abstract (400 words) to the IPSI Secretariat by email ([email protected]) by 1 December 2020 . Submission of a full manuscript should be made before 10 February 2021 , after receiving confirmation from the editorial team. Authors are requested to follow the Authors’ Guide and the reference style, and are encouraged to use the Template for Manuscripts. After screening, selected authors will be informed in March 2021 and then invited to a Case Study Workshop planned to be held virtually or in person in May 2021 . This Case Study Workshop will offer an opportunity for getting feedback on manuscripts and discussion among participants for development of a synthesis paper to be included in the volume.

Timeline (dates are subject to change):

1 December 2020: Deadline for submission of abstracts (400 words)

10 February 2021: Deadline for submission of full manuscripts

March 2021: Notification of selected authors

May 2021: Selected authors participate in Case Study Workshop (virtual or in-person)

July 2021: Submission of revised manuscripts

February 2022: Publication

Related documents:

For inquiries, please contact… Dr. Maiko Nishi at the IPSI Secretariat ( sitr ).

[1] IPBES (2019): Summary for policymakers of the global assessment report on biodiversity and ecosystem services of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services. S. Díaz, J. Settele, E. S. Brondízio E.S., H. T. Ngo, M. Guèze, J. Agard, A. Arneth, P. Balvanera, K. A. Brauman, S. H. M. Butchart, K. M. A. Chan, L. A. Garibaldi, K. Ichii, J. Liu, S. M. Subramanian, G. F. Midgley, P. Miloslavich, Z. Molnár, D. Obura, A. Pfaff, S. Polasky, A. Purvis, J. Razzaque, B. Reyers, R. Roy Chowdhury, Y. J. Shin, I. J. Visseren-Hamakers, K. J. Willis, and C. N. Zayas (eds.). IPBES secretariat, Bonn, Germany. 56 pages.

[3] Allen, T., Murray, K.A., Zambrana-Torrelio, C. et al. Global hotspots and correlates of emerging zoonotic diseases. Nat Commun 8, 1124 (2017).

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1. Scott , Rebecca J. , “ Discerning a Dignitary Offense: The Concept of Equal ‘Public Rights’ during Reconstruction ,” Law and History Review 38 ( 2020 ): 519 –53Google Scholar .

2. On libertés publiques in early nineteenth-century France, see Laferrière , Firmin , Cours de droit public et administratif par M.F. Laferrière, Professeur à l'Université de Rennes ( Paris : Joubert , 1839 )Google Scholar . The terms droits publics and libertés publiques are used interchangeably in Boistel , Alphonse-Barthelemy , Cours de philosophie du droit, professé à la Faculté de droit de Paris, vol. 1 ( Paris : Fontemoing , 1899 ), 200, 202Google Scholar and ibid., vol. 2, 91.

3. On the freedom to circulate and its legal status in contemporary France and the European Union, see Zevounou , Lionel , “ Les libertés de circulation, des libertés fondamentales ,” in Les libertés européennes de circulation au-delà de l’économie , ed. Zevounou , Lionel , Boujeka , Augustin , and Groud , Thomas Habu ( Paris : Mare et Martin , 2019 ), 165 –95Google Scholar .

4. Portemer , Jean , “ Recherches sur l'enseignement du droit public au XVIIIe siècle ,” Revue historique de droit français et étranger 36 ( 1959 ): 341 –97Google Scholar Chevrier , Georges , Remarques sur l'introduction et les vicissitudes de la distinction du ‘jus privatum’ et du ‘jus publicum’ dans les oeuvres des ancien juristes français ( Paris : Sirey , 1952 )Google Scholar .

5. Patrick Weil, Qu’est-ce qu’un Français: histoire de la nationalité française depuis la Révolution (Paris: Grasset, 2002). On the loss of nationality, see Katherine Tonkiss and Tendayi Bloom, “Theorising Noncitizenship,” Citizenship Studies 19, no. 8 (2015): 837–965 and Arzu Aktas, “L'acquisition et la perte de la nationalité française: 1804–1927” (Doctoral Thesis in Law, Université Paris-Est, 2011).

6. Language changes prompted new dictionaries of neologisms. See Louis Sébastien Mercier, Néologie ou vocabulaire de mots nouveaux à renouveler, ou pris dans des acceptions nouvelles (Paris: Moussard, 1801) Pierre Claude Victoire Boiste, Dictionnaire universel de la langue françoise, avec le latin, et manuel d'orthographe et de néologie: extrait comparatif de dictionnaires publiés jusqu'a ce jour (Paris: Chez Desray, 1803).

7. Bouchaud, “Dissertation sur les colonies romaines et les municipes,” in Mémoires de l'Institut national des sciences et arts, sciences morales et politiques (Paris: Baudouin, Imprimeur de l'Institut national, 1803), 129.

8. On the charter during the Restoration and July Monarchy, see Pierre Rosanvallon, La Monarchie impossible: Les Chartes de 1814 et 1830 (Paris: Fayard, 1994) Markus Josef Prutsch, Die Charte Constitutionnelle Ludwigs XVIII In Der Krise von 1830: Verfassungsentwicklung und Verfassungsrevision in Frankreich 1814 bis 1830 (Marburg: Tectum Verlag, 2006).

9. Matthijs M. Lok, “‘Un oubli total du passé’? The Political and Social Construction of Silence in Restoration Europe (1813–1830),” History and Memory 26 (2014): 40–75. For a literary approach to forgetfulness, see Cathy Caruth, “The Claims of the Dead: History, Haunted Property, and the Law,” Critical Inquiry 28 (2002): 419–41 (“opinions and votes during the Revolution”). On property confiscated during the Revolution, see Matthieu de Oliveira, Les Routes de l'argent: réseaux et flux financiers de Paris à Hambourg, 1789–1815 (Paris: Comité pour l'histoire économique et financière de la France, 2011) Rebecca L. Spang, Stuff and Money in the Time of the French Revolution (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2015) and Rafe Blaufarb, The Great Demarcation: The French Revolution and the Invention of Modern Property (New York: Oxford University Press, 2016).

10. Jean-Baptiste Mège, Droits des Français: à tous les citoyens (Lyon: Impr. de J.-M. Boursy, 1832) and Avis aux patriotes, ou inttructions [“sic”] sur les droits et les devoirs du citoyen, sur la chose publique, la Charte et le gouvernement représentatif dans sa réalité et ses conséquences précédé d'une adresse aux chefs de l'opposition et d'un plan de souscription nationale (Paris: Ebrard libraire, 1843).

11. René de Chateaubriand, “De la monarchie selon la Charte,” in Mélanges historiques et politiques (Paris: Garnier, 1874), 279.

12. Henri Grégoire, De la Constitution française de l’an 1814 par M. Grégoire, ancien évêque de Blois, sénateur, etc., etc., troisième édition corrigée et augmentée (Paris: Égron, 1814), 6.

13. Edouard-Auguste Vuatrin, Quels sont, en France, les droits que l'on appelle politiques et à qui appartiennent-ils en quoi consiste la qualité de citoyen et les prérogatives qui y sont attachées (Paris: Imprimerie de Fain et Thunot, 1844), 4.

14. On the exercise of political rights, see Patrick Gueniffey, Le nombre et la raison: la Révolution française et les élections (Éditions de l’E.H.E.S.S., 1993) for a critique of his analysis of voter participation, see Melvin Edelstein, “La participation électorale des Français (1789-1870),” Revue d'histoire moderne et contemporaine 40, no. 4 (1993): 629–42, and Rafe Blaufarb, “The French Revolution: The Birth of European Popular Democracy?” Comparative Studies in Society and History 37, no. 3 (1995): 608–18.

15. Répertoire général alphabétique du droit français: contenant sur toutes les matières de la science et de la pratique juridiques l'exposé de la législation, l'analyse critique de la doctrine et les solutions de la jurisprudence, ed. Édouard Fuzier-Herman, vol. 19 (Paris: L. Larose/Forcel, 1886-1924).

16. E. Reverchon, “Cour de droit public et administratif par Laferrière,” Journal des économistes: revue de la science économique et de la statistique 31 (1861): 69–87.

17. Louis Rigaud, Les droits de la femme: droits publics, droits privés, droits politiques (Paris: Editions Spes, 1927), 22.

18. Charles Demangeat, Histoire de la condition civile des étrangers en France dans l'ancien et dans le nouveau droit (Paris: Joubert, 1844), 294.

19. William Sewell, Work and Revolution in France: The Language of Labor from the Old Regime to 1848 (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1980), 264.

20. Miranda Frances Spieler, “The Legal Structure of Colonial Rule During the French Revolution,” The William and Mary Quarterly 66 (2009): 365–408.

21. For a text demanding equal rights for free people of color that does invoke the charter, see Adolphe Crémieux, Colonies: des articles 1er et 64 de la Charte (Paris: Imprimerie de A. Mie, 1831). Crémieux does not use the expression droits publics in his text but instead calls civil equality le premier de nos droits naturels (the first of our natural rights) see ibid., 9.

22. See for instance remarks about droits civils that appear in Jean Élie Gautier, Séance du 13 février 1833, rapport au nom d’une commission spéciale chargée de l’examen des projets de lois relatifs à l’état de hommes de couleur et au régime législatif des colonies (Paris: Chambre des Pairs, 1833). For a classic study of legal handicaps that affected colonial people of color, which covers the campaign for civil rights in detail, see Yvan Debbasch, Couleur et liberté: le jeu du critère ethnique dans un ordre juridique esclavagiste: l'affranchi dans les possessions françaises de la Caraïbe (1635-1833) (Paris: Dalloz, 1967).

23. Archives parlémentaires, 1 er serie, 2: 641.

24. On the lettre de cachet, see Arlette Farge and Michel Foucault, Disorderly Families: Infamous Letters from the Bastille Archives, trans. Thomas Scott-Railton (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2016) see also Miranda Spieler, “The Vanishing Slaves of Paris: the Lettre de Cachet and the Emergence of an Imperial Legal Order in Eighteenth-Century France,” in The Scaffolding of Sovereignty, ed. Zvi Ben-Dor Benite, Stefanos Geroulanos, and Nicole Jerr (New York: Columbia University Press, 2017), 230–45.

25. Constitution of 1791, title I, par. 3.

26. On the passport's revolutionary beginnings, see John Torpey, The Invention of the Passport: Surveillance, Citizenship and the State, Cambridge Studies in Law and Society, 2nd ed. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018). For the modern passport's Old Regime beginnings, see Vincent Denis Une histoire de l'identité: France 1715–1815 (Paris: Champ Vallon, 2008).

27. On the foundation of Louis-Philippe's regime, see David H. Pinkney, French Revolution of 1830 (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1972). On revolutionary iconography during the reign of Louis-Philippe, see Michael Marrinan, “Resistance, Revolution and the July Monarchy: Images to Inspire the Chamber of Deputies,” Oxford Art Journal 3 (1980): 26–37

28. On identity papers after the revolution, see Vincent Dénis, Une histoire de l’identité: France 1715-1815 (Paris: Champ Vallon, 2008). On the passports of foreigners in nineteenth-century France, see Gérard Noiriel, Réfugiés et sans-papiers: la République face au droit d'asile: XIXe-XXe siècle (Paris: Pluriel, 2012). For general histories of the police, see Berlière and Levy, eds., Histoire des polices de France (Paris: Nouveau Monde, 2011) and Jean-Noël Luc, ed., Histoire des gendarmes de la maréchaussée à nos jours (Paris: Nouveau Monde, 2016). See also Jacques-Olivier Boudon, ed., Police et gendarmerie dans l'empire Napoléonien: actes du colloque organisé par l'Institut Napoléon et le Centre d'histoire du XIXe siècle le 10 Octobre 2010 (Paris: Éditions SPM, 2013) idem, L'Empire des polices: comment Napoléon faisait régner l'ordre (Paris: la Librairie Vuibert, 2017). On police from the Bourbon Restoration to the Second Republic, see John M. Merriman, Police Stories: Building the French State, 1815-1851 (New York: Oxford University Press, 2006).

29. Guy-Jean-Baptiste Target, “Observations sur le projet de code criminel (1804),” in Antoine Chauveau, Étude de législation pénale comparée, code français de 1810 avec les motifs, les discussions au Conseil d’état et les dispositions correspondantes des codes de 1791 et de l'an IV, code révisé de 1832 (Brussels: Meline, 1851), 9. On police surveillance and the internal passport system in nineteenth-century France, see Miranda Frances Spieler, Empire and Underworld: Captivity in French Guiana (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2012), 81–110.

30. “Chronique: Départements,” Gazette des tribunaux, September 22, 1836, 1065 “Détention d'un condamné après l'expiratlon de sa peine: affaire du Sieur Rixain, question grave,” Gazette des tribunaux, September 25, 1836, 1066 “Chronique, Départements,” Gazette des tribunaux, October 8, 1836, 1169 “Justice criminelle, tribunal correctionnel de Troyes, audience du 27 octobre 1836, affaire Rixain,” Gazette des tribunaux, November 1, 1836, 2.

31. Quoted in Maurice Dommanget, Auguste Blanqui: des origines à la révolution de 1848, premiers combats et premières prisons (Paris: Mouton, 1969), 334.

32. Henri Thiercelin, Des principes constitutionnels du gouvernement républicain en France (Paris: Amyot, 1848), 14.

33. On the right to work, see Georges Bourgin, “Le ‘droit au travail’ et la Révolution de 1848 en France,” Synthese 5 (1946): 309–15 Laura L. Frader, “Définir Le droit au travail: rapports sociaux de sexe, famille et salaire en France aux XIXe et XXe siècles,” Le Mouvement social 184 (1998): 5–22 and Francis Demier, “Les Ouvriers de Rouen parlent à un économiste en juillet 1848,” Le Mouvement social 119 (1982): 3–31.

34. Piero Craveri, Genesi di una constituzione: libertà e socialismo nel dibattito costituzionale del 1848 in Francia (Naples: Guida editori, 1985), 118, 124, 228.

35. Louis-Marie de Lahaye de Cormenin, Timon: à tous ceux qui l’ont nommé, salut et fraternité, in Jean Bart, Jean-Jacques Clère, and Claude Courvoisier, eds., La constitution du 4 novembre 1848: l’ambition d’une république démocratique, vol. 1 (Publications de l’Université de Bourgogne/Éditions universitaires de Dijon, 2000), 127–143. On Cormenin as a founder of the modern French administrative state, see Andreas Abegg, “The Evolution of the Contracting State and Its Courts,” The American Journal of Comparative Law 59 (2011): 611–36 and Paul Bastid, Un juriste pamphlétaire: Cormenin, précurseur et constituant de 1848 (Paris: Hachette, 1948).

36. For discussion of the first draft, see Craveri, Genesi, 124. On Victor Considerant, see Jonathan Beecher, Victor Considerant and the Rise and Fall of French Romantic Socialism (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2001) and Michel Vernus, Victor Considerant, 1808–1893: le coeur et la raison (Dole: Canevas Editeur, 1993).

37. 1848 Comité de Constitution, 2ème régistre, in Craveri, Genesi, 228.

38. “Assemblée nationale, séance du lundi 19 mars,” Le Moniteur Universel: Journal officiel de la République française (20 March 1849): 934.

39. “Assemblée nationale législative, séance du 7 mai,” Le Pays: Journal des volontés de la France, May 8, 1851

40. Victor Hugo, “Sixième anniversaire du 24 février 1848: 24 février 1855,” in Actes et paroles II, Oeuvres complètes (Paris: Hetzel and Quantin, 1883), 178–179.

41. Le Constitutionnel, April 5, 1871 and Les États Unis d'Europe: Journal de la Ligue Internationale de la Paix et de la Liberté, June 26 1873.

42. On female pedestrians, see Le Gaulois: le plus grand journal du matin, June 17, 1906, 1 on passports and their refusal, see Conseil d’état, decision of April 22, 1921, jurisprudence administrative, Pandectes françaises périodiques: recueil mensuel de jurisprudence et de législation (1923): 25–2.

43. Jean Cruet, Étude juridique de l'arbitraire gouvernementale et administratif: des cas où l'autorité gouvernementale et administrative n'est pas tenue, sous des sanctions efficaces, de respecter les droits individuels et la légalité (Paris: A. Rousseau, 1906), 137.

44. Le Populaire: Journal-revue hebdomadaire de propagande socialiste et internationaliste, August 12, 1929, 5, and December 29, 1929, 1.

45. Arendt , Hannah , The Human Condition ( Chicago : University of Chicago Press , 1998 ), 58CrossRefGoogle Scholar .

46. On this theme in Arendt, see Loidolt , Sophie , Phenomenology of Plurality: Hannah Arendt on Political Intersubjectivity ( New York : Routledge , 2017 )CrossRefGoogle Scholar see also Jackson , Michael , The Politics of Storytelling: Variations on a Theme by Hannah Arendt ( Denmark : Museum Musculanum Press , 2013 )Google Scholar .

Hydro Newsletter - Volume 7, Issue 9

The California State Water Resources Control Board (Water Board) and a group of environmental organizations, including the South Yuba River Citizens League, California Sportfishing Protection Alliance, Friends of the River, and Sierra Club and its Mother Lode Chapter, each have filed a petition for review with the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit (Ninth Circuit) of Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) orders finding that the Water Board waived its authority under section 401 of the Clean Water Act (CWA) to issue a water quality certification (WQC) in the ongoing relicensing of Nevada Irrigation District’s (NID) Yuba-Bear Hydroelectric Project. NID filed its request for determination of waiver in response to the D.C. Circuit’s decision in Hoopa Valley Tribe v. FERC and FERC’s subsequent declaratory order in Placer County Water Agency. FERC issued its waiver determination on April 16, 2020 and a rehearing order on July 21, 2020.

As described in our May newsletter, NID initially filed its 401 application with the Water Board in March 2012 and subsequently withdrew and resubmitted its application each year between 2013 and 2018 in coordination with the Water Board. In January 2019, the Water Board denied NID’s application without prejudice on the basis that the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) process and consultation under the federal Endangered Species Act (ESA) were not yet complete, and encouraged NID to file a new request. NID did not file a new 401 application, but instead sought a determination from FERC that the Water Board had waived its authority under section 401.

FERC granted NID’s request for a waiver determination, finding that the Water Board waived its section 401 authority through the repeated withdrawal and refiling of NID’s application for WQC. Consistent with its other waiver decisions, FERC held that a formal agreement between a licensee and a state is not necessary to support a finding of waiver. In response to the Water Board’s argument that NID voluntarily withdrew its application each year to avoid a denial without prejudice, FERC found that the Water Board expected and encouraged NID to withdraw and resubmit its application to avoid the CWA’s one-year waiver deadline. FERC also rejected arguments that the 401 certification process was held up by the CEQA and ESA processes.

California Water Board Issues WQCs for Projects Subject to FERC Section 401 Waiver Determinations

In the month of August 2020, the California Water Board issued several final WQCs for hydropower projects for which FERC had already determined that the Water Board waived its CWA Section 401 authority. These included the relicensing proceedings for NID’s Yuba-Bear Project, Yuba County Water Agency’s (YCWA) Yuba River Development Project, and Merced Irrigation District’s (Merced) Merced River and Merced Falls Hydroelectric Projects. None of these projects had a pending 401 application before the Water Board when it issued the WQC. The Water Board asserted in issuing these certifications that it did so in order to protect California’s interests in the relicensing proceedings. The Water Board included conditions in each of the WQCs that would make the certification effective upon a FERC or judicial determination that FERC improperly found waiver of the Water Board’s certification authority.

On August 14, 2020, YCWA filed a Petition for Reconsideration of its WQC asking the Water Board to vacate the WQC related to its relicensing. In addition to a number of legal and procedural arguments, YCWA submitted evidence in its petition that the conditions under the WQC could have a nearly $500 million impact on the project over a 50-year license term. On August 28, 2020, Merced also filed a Petition for Reconsideration of its WQC asking the Water Board to vacate the WQC related to its relicensings.

Update on EPA’s Final Rule to Streamline CWA Section 401 Review

As reported in our July newsletter, on June 1, 2020, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) released a Final Rule that significantly revises its regulations implementing section 401 of the CWA. The Final Rule is EPA’s first comprehensive effort to promulgate federal rules governing the implementation of CWA section 401. The Final Rule was published in the Federal Register on July 13, 2020, and will become effective on September 11.

A fourth lawsuit challenging the Final Rule was filed on August 26, 2020 in the U.S. District Court for the District of South Carolina by a group of environmental organizations, including the South Carolina Coastal Conservation League, South Carolina Native Plant Society, Amigos Bravos, Natural Resources Defense Council, Savannah Riverkeeper, and Waterkeeper Alliance. The complaint focuses on the Final Rule’s limits on a state’s review and action under section 401 to water quality impacts from a specific discharge, rather than the project as a whole. This same group also is challenging EPA’s Waters of the United States rule in the same court.

Three other lawsuits challenging the Final Rule are pending in other courts. On July 13, 2020, the Delaware Riverkeeper Network and the Delaware Riverkeeper filed a complaint in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania. Also, on July 13, 2020, American Rivers, American Whitewater, California Trout, and Idaho Rivers United filed a complaint in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California. On July 21, 2020, a group of 20 states and the District of Columbia filed a separate complaint before the federal district court in the Northern District of California.

For more information on EPA’s Final Rule, see our issue alert.

DOE, USCOE, and BOR Sign MOU to Promote Renewable Energy Development

On August 24, 2020, in commemoration of National Hydropower Day, the Bureau of Reclamation (BOR), the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USCOE) executed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to enhance collaboration and leverage resources to ensure the continued strength of the federal hydropower fleet. The MOU was signed at Hoover Dam by DOE Assistant Secretary for the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Daniel Simmons, BOR Commissioner Brenda Burman, and Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Army for Civil Works Ryan Fisher. Under the MOU, within 90 days, the agencies will collaborate to create an action plan designed to adapt hydropower to changing markets, environmental concerns, and water issues, and to facilitate the influx of non-dispatchable generation resources entering the bulk electric system. The action plan will outline specific projects and activities under five topic areas: maximizing the value of investments in hydropower, quantifying the value of ancillary services provided by hydropower, workforce training, water supply reliability, and new methods and technologies to meet environmental standards at a lower cost. The MOU is effective for five years.

FERC Commissioner Update

FERC Commissioner Bernard McNamee, a Republican, has announced that he will depart the Commission on September 4. McNamee previously announced that he would not seek another term after his current term expired on June 30, 2020. McNamee has remained at FERC past the expiration of his term to maintain a quorum. As reported last month, on July 27, 2020, President Donald Trump announced that he intends to nominate Virginia Corporation Commission Chair Mark Christie and former Natural Resources Defense Council attorney Allison Clements as FERC Commissioners. Once confirmed by the U.S. Senate, Christie would fill McNamee’s seat, and Clements would fill the vacant Democratic seat on the Commission. They would join Neil Chatterjee (Chairman), Richard Glick (Democrat), and James Danly (Republican), returning FERC to a full slate of five Commissioners.

Update on CEQ’s Final NEPA Rule

As reported in last month’s newsletter, on July 15, 2020, the Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) issued a Final Rulemodernizing and clarifying its procedural regulations implementing the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). The Final Rule is the first major revision to CEQ’s NEPA regulations in over 40 years.

The Final Rule is set to become effective on September 14, 2020 however, litigation challenging the Final Rule has already been filed, and this litigation could potentially delay the effective date. Several environmental groups filed lawsuits in federal district courts in Virginia, California, and New York, challenging the final rule under the Administrative Procedure Act. All three suits allege that CEQ was arbitrary and capricious in failing to respond to public comments, reversing agency position without adequate explanation, and creating a rule inconsistent with NEPA.

For more information on CEQ’s Final Rule and recent litigation, see our issue alert.

USCOE Proposes to Reissue Nationwide Permits

On August 3, 2020, the USCOE released a pre-publication version of its proposal to replace the 2017 Nationwide Permits (NWP) by the end of 2020. NWPs are general permits issued by the USCOE that are designed to streamline the agency’s review of certain categories of activities under Section 404 of the CWA and Section 10 of the Rivers and Harbors Act of 1899 that have no more than minimal individual and cumulative adverse environmental impacts. NWPs automatically expire every five years. The current 2017 NWPs are scheduled to expire on March 18, 2022, but the USCOE is now proposing to reissue and revise the NWPs two years early. The USCOE is taking this early action in response to several Executive Orders directing agencies to ease permitting burdens and promote economic growth as well as in response to pending litigation over a 2017 NWP.

The USCOE’s proposal would add five new NWPs and modify several of the current NWPs. The USCOE proposes to split existing NWP 12, which broadly covers utility line activities, into three separate NWPs covering different types of utility lines: oil and gas pipelines, electrical/telecommunication lines, and water/sewer utility lines. The USCOE also proposes new NWPs covering activities not covered explicitly by any of the existing NWPs: activities associated with water reclamation facilities and certain types of mariculture activities not covered by NWP 48. The USCOE proposes to modify NWP 17 for hydropower projects to raise the generating capacity threshold from 5,000 kW to 10,000 kW. This change would align the NWP with the revised definition of “small hydroelectric power project” in the Hydropower Regulatory Efficiency Act of 2013.

After the USCOE publishes the proposal in the Federal Register, the public will have 60 days to provide comments. Once the USCOE finalizes its proposal, additional conditions may be imposed on the NWPs by USCOE district offices, State agencies, and Indian Tribes. The inclusion of these additional conditions could delay the effective date of the 2020 NWPs in some districts.

Review: Volume 7 - Monarchy - History

It might be thought that the period surveyed by the present volume is of little interest, starting as it does after the Spanish Armada (1588) and ending before the Archpriest Controversy (1598–1603) and the Gunpowder Plot (1605), but in this second volume of his history of the Society of Jesus in the British Isles Thomas McCoog shows in great detail the consequences of the failure of the former for the English Mission and the seeds for the turmoil ahead. In the Armada's aftermath, new penal laws in England made life difficult for Catholics and the Jesuits tending to them. McCoog shows that the actual consequences of these laws were ambiguous more extreme measures against recusants were defeated in parliament in 1593, and while the period saw the execution of Robert Southwell (associated with the doctrine of equivocation) and Henry Walpole, for other imprisoned Jesuits Wisbech Castle was a ‘college of venerable confessors’ (p. 76).

However, the most important theme to come out of the book is the divisions within the wider community of Catholic exiles, and within the Society of Jesus itself. McCoog approaches the topic with scrupulous even-handedness, making the documents (and the opinions expressed in them) speak for themselves. There was, as is well known, considerable division between the Jesuits and secular clergy, which evinced itself both in English prisons and the English College in Rome. McCoog, quite plausibly, attributes part of these tensions to the lack of organisational structure within the English Mission, especially after the death of William, Cardinal Allen in 1594. As time went on and the prospect of Queen Elizabeth's death grew nearer, tensions also arose over the succession between English Jesuits, notably Robert Parsons (Persons), on the one hand and lay exiles and even the Scottish Jesuit William Crichton on the other. Parsons's unapologetic reliance on Spain, and his support for the Spanish infanta as the queen's successor, was opposed by those who had pinned their hopes on James VI of Scotland. McCoog perhaps underplays the tensions within the Society between missionaries in England, who witnessed the consequences of the Armada's failure, and those plotting with Spain – McCoog notes Henry Garnet's anger (p. 21) but could be more explicit about its target (Parsons?). What does come across clearly, is the struggle for resources both between English and Scottish Jesuits and with their Flemish and Spanish hosts. Parsons went so far as to complain that Spanish Jesuits posed a greater threat to the English Mission than the Elizabethan government (p. 220).

Unfortunately, the same feature that makes McCoog's account a very good chronicle of what happened, complicates the reader's attempt to understand why it happened. The author's impartiality and care to allow his subjects to speak in their own voices means that his own voice is often drowned out. Consequently, on the rare occasions when the views of one side are unavailable (for example, on pp. 270–1) the view of the other side (here Parsons's) appears as fact. At other times, the information supplied is perhaps needlessly abundant for a book of already considerable length does the reader need to know of the plague hitting St Omer in 1596, if it did not kill a single Jesuit and does not affect the overall narrative? Elsewhere, the evidence presented suggests a great deal about the personalities involved. Parsons's complaint to Rome about the quality of the bread baked in the refectory of the English College in Valladolid (a subject, Parsons noted, none of the students had complained about p. 211) suggests that the Jesuit's micromanagement of the English Mission may help explain the strong feelings he aroused. Similarly, one could regard Parsons's list of opponents struck down by a divine hand (for example, p. 359) as evidence of the single-mindedness which had fuelled his crucial role in the English Mission but which also brooked no argument. While McCoog's even-handedness is to be admired, the human element must not be ignored. With few exceptions, men on all sides of this internal struggle were sinners and saints in equal measure.

As an account of what happened, the present volume will doubtless withstand the test of time. Where previous accounts have tended to side with one side or another, the present volume is a laudatory and very successful attempt to impartially describe the attempts of Catholic exiles in general, and the Jesuits in particular, to present a united front. As such, it offers a very real insight into the struggle of Jesuit superiors to achieve the much-desired ‘union of hearts’. As a chronicle, the lack of a detailed table of contents is to be lamented it makes it more difficult for readers to follow in particular one (for example, the Scottish, or Flemish) strand of McCoog's account according to their academic interests. But the work, just as the previous volume has been, will nevertheless become required reading for historians of such diverse subjects as English Catholicism, the experience of religious exile, and the Society of Jesus. At the same time, the work makes no pretence of having all the answers and points the reader to how much more work can yet be done.

The Catholic Historical Review

The Catholic Historical Review is the official organ of the American Catholic Historical Association. It was established at The Catholic University of America in 1915 by Thomas Joseph Shahan and Peter Guilday and is published quarterly by The Catholic University of America Press. The first issue contained a foreword by Cardinal James Gibbons who wrote of the journal that "I bespeak for it a generous welcome by the thoughtful men and women of the country, and bestow my blessing on the unselfish, zealous labors of the devoted Faculty of the Catholic University." [1] Shahan was editor (1915-29) followed by Guilday (1929-41), John Tracy Ellis 1941-63), Robert Trisco (1963-2005), and most recently Nelson Minnich.

With an international readership and a global array of contributors, the journal publishes significant, original, and preferably archival-based articles in English on topics related to the history of various lived Catholic experiences and their intersections with cultures and other religious traditions over the centuries and throughout the world. In addition, CHR publishes reviews (single, fora, essays, and articles) written by experts of important books in the field, lists relevant articles that appear in other journals, and includes the section “Notes and Comments” containing news about the Association and other items of interest to readers. Any scholar may submit a manuscript, which is subjected to a rigorous double-blind evaluation. In addition to being available in print form, The Catholic Historical Review is also available electronically through Project MUSE.

Copy Editing and UTP Style Sheet

University of Texas Press Copy Editing policies: If accepted for publication, the essay will be edited, copyedited, and typeset according to the determinations of the editor and the press. Submitting authors should recognize that they will likely be asked to make revisions to content, wording, and format so as to conform to the conventions of the JHS and the University of Texas Press and to ensure comprehensibility for our diverse readership. Submitting an essay for possible publication in the JHS therefore implies an author’s willingness to cooperate in adhering to these conventions. We will expect you to answer questions and accept any changes within a timely fashion.

Use of Images: Contributors who wish to use images to accompany their articles in print must make a good-faith effort to obtain permission to reprint those images from the holders of any copyright for them, and any cost to such permissions must be borne by the contributor. Such permissions are not necessary for the review process, but they will be required before the article is published. Further information can be found at

Launch of Western Buddhist Review Volume 7

The Western Buddhist Review is the scholarly journal of the Triratna Buddhist Order and community. Volume 1 was published in 1994, and it has appeared periodically since then. Now, under the editorship of Dhivan, Silavadin and Matt Drage, the team are ready to launch volume 7, with a new website which will provide an exciting point of reference for scholarly and philosophical activities in the Triratna community.

You are invited to the launch party via Zoom on Monday 28th September 7.30-8.30pm ( UK time), in which Sanghadhara be interviewing the editors, Dhivan will give a history of the Western Buddhist Review, there will be a reading from Sangharakshita, and a small ritual to conclude.

And whether or not you can get to the launch event, you can take a look at the new website, and sign up on the home page for email updates about new articles and reviews, and news about events and publications.

Recent News & Events

Volume 106


Dave Fagundes, Baker Botts LLP Professor of Law, University of Houston Law Center

Darrell A. H. Miller, Melvin G. Shimm Professor of Law, Duke University School of Law

Neil H. Buchanan, Professor of Law and James J. Freeland Eminent Scholar Chair in Taxation, Fredric G. Levin College of Law, The University of Florida

Michael C. Dorf, Robert S. Stevens Professor of Law, Cornell Law School

Edith Beerdsen, Acting Assistant Professor of Lawyering, New York University School of Law

Jeffrey Bellin, Professor, William & Mary Law School

Matthew Tokson, Professor of Law, University of Utah S.J. Quinney College of Law

Jessica M. Eaglin, Associate Professor of Law, Indiana University Maurer School of Law

Lucian A. Bebchuk, James Barr Ames Professor of Law, Economics, and Finance, and Director of the Program on Corporate Governance, Harvard Law School

Roberto Tallarita, Terence M. Considine Senior Fellow in Law and Economics, and Associate Director of the Program on Corporate Governance, Harvard Law School

Professor of Law, Cornell Law School Research Member, European Corporate Governance Institute.

Joshua D. Blank, Professor of Law and Faculty Director of Strategic Initiatives, University of California, Irvine School of Law

Leigh Osofsky, Professor of Law, University of North Carolina School of Law


Ji Hyun Rhim, B.A., Waseda University, 2014 J.D., Cornell Law School, 2020

Miranda Herzog, B.A., University of Southern California, 2016 J.D., Cornell Law School, 2020 Executive Editor, Cornell Law Review, Volume 105

Lauren Devendorf, B.A., Duke University, 2015 J.D., Cornell Law School, 2020 Publishing Editor, Cornell Law Review, Vol. 105.

Lily A. Coad, B.A., Duke University, 2018 J.D., Cornell Law School, 2021 Publishing Editor, Cornell Law Review, Vol. 106.

Philip J. Duggan, B.A., St. Lawrence University, 2015 J.D., Cornell Law School, 2021.

Samuel Macomber, J.D., Cornell Law School, 2020.

UK Justice Policy Review: Volume 7

Since 2010, the Centre for Crime and Justice Studies, with support from The Hadley Trust, has been assessing criminal justice developments across the UK through its UK Justice Policy Review programme.

Our latest publication &ndash UK Justice Policy Review 7 &ndash covers the period from the 2016 Brexit referendum to the 2017 General Election.

The Review, like previous editions, focuses on the key criminal justice institutions: the police, the courts and access to justice, prisons, and probation across the UK.

In a period which saw significant change and uncertainty, the latest edition offers insight into the implications of Brexit for the different criminal jurisdictions. The General Election not only reflected a shift in voter allegiances but brought policing numbers, expenditure and the impact of spending cuts to the fore.

UK Justice Policy Review 7 provides analysis of these seminal moments alongside general critical criminal justice policy developments during this time.

The report covers developments across the UK, including:

  • Key speeches from the Northern Ireland Justice Secretary, Scottish Justice Secretary, the Home Secretary and the Lord Chancellor
  • Main legislation by the UK parliament and Scottish Parliament
  • Policing, including: police accountability, spending and pressures in the wake of increased reports of hate crime
  • Courts and legal aid, including: court closures, virtual hearings, proposed changes to legal aid fees, developments in Northern Ireland and Scotland
  • Prisons, including: concerns over prison conditions, prison reform, the role of governors, women prisoners, health in prisons and older prisoners
  • Probation, including: Through the Gate provision, service delivery models and the creation of Her Majesty&rsquos Prison and Probation Service

Can you offer us feedback?

We are keen to encourage feedback on this work, and welcome your suggestions on how we might enhance and improve it.

If you would like to offer us your feedback, you can do so here.

Get the data

A full set of data, notes and sources for the data dashboard are available to download by clicking on the images of the charts below.

Watch the video: RWBY Volume 7 Review (October 2022).

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