Advices

En - French Preposition

En - French Preposition


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The French preposition en is nearly always used directly in front of a noun with no article, or after certain verbs.

Uses of en Before a Noun

En can mean any of the following:

Location

  • il est en prison - he is in jail
  • j'habite en banlieue - I live in the suburbs

Time (en vs dans)

  • en août - in August
  • en trois jours - in three days
  • en semaine - during the week

To do something like or as

  • Je te parle en ami - I'm speaking to you as a friend
  • Il agit en enfant - He's acting like a kid

Means

  • voyager en train - to travel by train
  • rentrer en taxi - to return by taxi

Condition or appearance

  • être en bonne santé - to be in good health
  • être en guerre - to be at war
  • être en pyjama - to be in pajamas

Transformation

  • traduire en français - to translate into French
  • se déguiser en… - to disguise oneself as…
  • transformer une salle en bureau - to change a room into an office

Material

  • un pull en laine - wool sweater
  • une maison en brique - brick house

Verbs with en

The French preposition en is required after certain verbs when they are followed by a noun.

  • agir en to act like / as
  • avoir confiance en to trust
  • casser en (morceaux, trois) to break in(to) (pieces, two)
  • se changer en to change into
  • convertir (quelque chose) en to convert (something) into
  • couper en (deux, cinq) to cut in (two, five pieces)
  • croire en to believe in
  • se déguiser en to disguise oneself as
  • écrire en (français, ligne) to write (in French, on line)
  • mesurer en (mètres) to measure in (meters)
  • se mettre en colère to get mad
  • se mettre en route to set out
  • partir en (guerre) to leave for (war)
  • partir en (voiture) to leave by/in (car)
  • traduire en (français) to translate into (French)
  • transformer qqch en (qqch) to change s.t. into (s.t.)
  • se vendre en (bouteilles) to be sold in (bottles)
  • voyager en (train, taxi) to travel by (train, taxi)


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