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Biology Prefixes and Suffixes: (Plasm)
The affix (plasm) refers to the material forming cells and can also mean a living substance. The term plasm can be used as a suffix or prefix. Related terms include plasmo- , -plasmic, -plast, and -plasty.
Alloplasm (allo - plasm) - differentiated cytoplasm that forms specialized structures like cilia and flagella as well as other similar structures.
Axoplasm (axo - plasm) - the cytoplasm of a nerve cell axon.
Cytoplasm (cyto - plasm) - the contents of a cell that surrounds the nucleus. This includes the cytosol and organelles other than the nucleus.
Deutoplasm (deuto - plasm) - the substance in a cell that serves as a nutrition source, commonly refers to yolk in an egg.
Ectoplasm (ecto - plasm) - the outer portion of the cytoplasm in some cells. This layer has a clear, gel-like appearance as seen in amoebas.
Endoplasm (endo - plasm) - the inner portion of the cytoplasm in some cells. This layer is more fluid than the ectoplasm layer as seen in amoebas.
Germplasm (germ - plasm) - the sum total of the genetic material of a particular related group of organisms or species. Such material is usually collected for breeding or conservation purposes.
Hyaloplasm (hyalo - plasm) - synonymous with the cell's cytosol, the fluid part of the cytoplasm that doesn't include the organelles of the cell.
Myoplasm (myo - plasm) - the portion of muscle cells that contracts.
Neoplasm (neo - plasm) - abnormal, uncontrolled growth of new tissue as in a cancer cell.
Nucleoplasm (nucleo - plasm) - gel-like substance in the nucleus of plant and animal cells that is enclosed by the nuclear envelope and surrounds the nucleolus and chromatin.
Periplasm (peri - plasm) - in some archaea and bacteria, the area between the outer portion of the cell membrane and the inner cytoplasmic membrane.
Piroplasm (piro - plasm) - the piroplasms are parasitic protozoans that can infect a variety of animals like cows and sheep.
Protoplasm (proto - plasm) - the cytoplasm and nucleoplasm contents of a cell. It excludes the deutoplasm.
Sarcoplasm (sarco - plasm) - the cytoplasm in skeletal muscle fibers.
Prefixes (plasm-) and (plasmo-)
Plasma Membrane (plasma) - membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm and nucleus of cells.
Plasmodesmata (plasmo - desmata) - channels between plant cell walls that allow molecular signals to pass between individual plant cells.
Plasmodium (plasmo - dium) - parasitic organisms that can infect humans. For example, Plasmodium malariae causes malaria in people.
Plasmolysis (plasmo - lysis) - shrinkage that occurs in the cell cytoplasm due to osmosis.
Amphiplasty (amphi -plasty) - repairing and reconstructing chromosomes in the cell's nucleolus.
Angioplasty (angio - plasty) - medical procedure done to open narrowed arteries and veins, particularly in the heart.
Aortoplasty (aorto - plasty) - medical procedure that repairs a damaged aorta.
Autoplasty (auto - plasty) - surgical removal of tissue from one site that is used to repair damaged tissue in another site. An example of this is a skin graft.
Bronchoplasty (broncho - plasty) - surgical repair of the bronchi, the two airways that branch off of the trachea and lead to the lungs.
Cranioplasty (cranio - plasty) - surgical repair of the cranium to correct an imperfection, particularly in the case of a cranial deformity.
Facioplasty (facio - plasty) - corrective surgical repair of the face, most often in the case of plastic or reconstructive surgery.
Heteroplasty (hetero - plasty) - surgical transplantation of tissue from one individual or species into another.
Rhinoplasty (rhino - plasty) - surgical procedure performed on the nose.
Thermoplasty (thermo - plasty) - the use of heat to treat the effects and symptoms of asthma by softening the airway walls.
Tympanoplasty (tympano - plasty) - surgical repair of the eardrum or bones of the middle ear.
Zooplasty (zoo - plasty) - a surgical procedure that transplants living animal tissue to a human.
- The common affix, plasm, refers to the substance that forms living cells.
- Plasm can be used as both a prefix or suffix in biological terms and words.
- Other related suffixes include -plast and -plasty along with the prefix plasmo-.
- Understanding biological prefixes and suffixes like plasm can help us to better understand complex biological concepts.